How Do Car Loans Work?
While generally easy to get if you have good credit, there is a rhythm to the car loan process that you will want to understand prior to applying for one. After all, it may be the second largest purchase (next to a house) that you will ever make.
Deciding the Loan and Payment Amount
The first thing you might want to do is to make sure that you can afford the financial responsibility you are about to take on, both in loan amount and the monthly payment. The best way to determine this is to go to an online car payment calculator.
These calculators allow the user to enter a variety of scenarios with a goal of getting to where they need to be in terms of loan amount and payment.
For example, plug in a payment you want and add other applicable factors; hit submit. The calculator will provide the sum for the loan amount you can take out. Or enter a loan amount. Then the device will calculate the amount of monthly payment that will be required.
Whether online, by fax, mail, or in person, you will eventually have to complete a loan application. The application will require all of your personal information, your SSN, employment status, monthly mortgage, and expenses.
The potential creditor will use this to obtain your credit report.
Your credit report is a compilation of your entire credit history. This includes your payment patterns, outstanding loans, and number of credit inquiries. This information, together with your income and debts, will produce a credit score.
In general, if your credit score is 700 or greater, you will have no trouble receiving a loan. Otherwise, you might still get a loan. That loan, however, might come with a higher interest rate or you may have supply a greater down payment.
Paying the Loan Back
The loan amount will be calculated into monthly payments. You can usually make them by check or provide access for the lender to make automatic withdrawals. If you select automatic withdrawals as your payback method, you can usually use that to negotiate a lower interest rate.